Anyone entering medicine may want to become familiar with basic medical terminology. Even if you’re not interested in a medical career, these terms can be useful to know when speaking with your health care and insurance providers. Eating disorders – An eating disorder is a severe illness that requires help from a health care provider, the sooner the better.

This prevents the muscles from contracting and leads to muscle weakness. For example, the antrum of the stomach is also called the pyloric antrum or gastric antrum. It is the lower portion of the stomach and contains numerous mucous- and gastrin-secreting cells. Albinism is a condition where a person is congenitally deficient in melanin pigment.

medical terms and definitions has quite regular morphology, the same prefixes and suffixes are used to add meanings to different roots. The root of a term often refers to an organ, tissue, or condition. For example, in the disorder known as hypertension, the prefix “hyper-” means “high” or “over”, and the root word “tension” refers to pressure, so the word “hypertension” refers to abnormally high blood pressure. The roots, prefixes, and suffixes are often derived from Greek or Latin, and often quite dissimilar from their English-language variants. This regular morphology means that once a reasonable number of morphemes are learned it becomes easy to understand very precise terms assembled from these morphemes. Much medical language is anatomical terminology, concerning itself with the names of various parts of the body.

The development of large-scale data collection, for example, has also permitted the development of an ‘early warning system’ in relation to low-incidence medical complications. Despite concerns about security, many doctors think the benefits of having medical records in digital form outweigh the liabilities. Staying another night in the hospital was not medically necessary, so she was discharged. Medical research has led to better treatment for diabetes patients. Without more food and medical supplies, these people will surely not survive. Pain may be so severe that it causes an involuntary grimace or “tic”.

ANGIOGRAPHY – Radiography of blood vessels using the injection of material opaque to X-rays to give better definition to the vessels. Suffixes are attached to the end of a word root to add meaning such as condition, disease process, or procedure. Fat, cholesterol, calcium, and inflammatory cells are the common materials that adhere to arteries. A chronic autoimmune, neuromuscular disorder characterized by muscle weakness and fatigue. In this condition, the immune system mistakenly attacks acetylcholine receptors at the neuromuscular junction.

Program Payments – Program Payments are payments made from program funds and consist of program allowances, program grants and program service payments. Program Grants include General Purpose Grants, Specific Purpose Grants, and Grant-in-aid. Top of page price – The amount the Government or the community pays for the delivery of agreed outputs.

Painful swelling or inflammation of the appendix is caused by a bacterial infection. Small painful sores recur on the tongue, gums, lips, or inside the cheeks; also called canker sores or aphthous ulcers. Aorta carries oxygenated blood from the left ventricle to all parts of the body. Anxiety is when the body’s automatic fight-or-flight response gets triggered by a threat, pressure, challenges, or stress. Adenohypophysis – the anterior glandular lobe that comprises 80% of the entire pituitary gland.

While most of us don’t need to understand discipline-specific jargon outside of our own profession, medical terminology is a notable exception. The materials presented are never meant to substitute for professional medical care by a qualified practitioner, nor should they be construed as such. Financial support is derived from advertisements or referral programs, where indicated.

VENTRICULOSTOMY – An opening into the ventricles of the brain, achieved by inserting a small, thin, hollow catheter. Serves as a means to relieve pressure from the brain and spinal cord. LEPTOMENINGITIS – Inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. INTRA-AORTIC BALLOON COUNTER PULSATION DEVICE – This device is a pump that is inserted into the main vessel of the body to help the heart deliver blood to critical organs such as the brain or kidneys. DURA MATER – A tough fibrous membrane that covers the brain and spinal cord, but is separated from them by a small space. DISC – The intervertebral disc – cartilaginous cushion found between the vertebrae of the spinal column.

The information is produced and reviewed by over 200 medical professionals with the goal of providing trusted, uniquely informative information for people with painful health conditions. Aspirating tissue or fluid samples from muscles, bones, and other organs using a hollow needle. The medical imaging technique is used to visualize the vascular system. It is suggested when there are signs of a stroke or coronary heart disease. Angiogram also helps to understand and evaluate the restrictions in blood flow or damage to the blood vessel segments.

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